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Start at home
Environment & Health
  • Protect the Ozone Layer...use ozone friendly aerosols.
  • Switch to ozone friendly refrigerants; ensure your refrigerator has a CFC-Friendly label.
  • For washing at home, try to use phosphate free detergents.
  • Use water based latex paints and varnishing’s because they contain fewer hazardous chemicals than oil-based coverings.
  • Read the label. Use pesticides safely, always follow the instructions on the can or container label.
  Protect the Ozone Layer...use ozone friendly aerosols.
  • Switch off your car engine if you anticipate a lengthy wait to eliminate harmful exhaust pollution.
  • Try to avoid using your car for short distances. Walk or cycle whenever possible and car pool with your friends.
  • Don’t keep opening your refrigerator door because CFCs are emitted every time you do so.
  • Use odor-free paints that don’t emit volatile organic compounds, to avoid production of ground level ozone.
  • Plan your trip wisely so you don’t retrace your route and emit more pollutants.
  Switch off your car engine if you anticipate a lengthy wait to eliminate harmful exhaust pollution.
  • Switch off lights during the day, and in rooms not being used. Wasted energy contributes in Golbal warming.
  • Replace regular light bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs.
  • Look for Energy-Efficient Appliances; If you’re shopping for new appliances for your home or office always look for the Energy Saving Recommended logo. These products are the most energy efficient in their category so will therefore cost less to run and help reduce carbon dioxide emissions associated with climate change.
  • Use natural light, instead of artificial lights by letting the sunshine in where there are windows.
  • Before you travel, unplug your TV and VCR or other electronics that use electricity even when "off".
  • Before running the dishwasher or washing machine, wait until you have a full load, you will save water and energy and help to protect the environment.
  • Invest in printers that print on both sides
  • Clean or change air filters on your A/C units in the summer so that they work more efficiently.
  • Before going to bed! Don’t leave your electronics stand by...Switch them off.
  • Don’t use a regular bulb, use an energy saving bulb.
  • Make the switch: buy or switch to energy efficient lighting fixtures and bulbs.
  • Switch off any lights or electronic appliances not in use.
  • Hang "Turn It Off" signs above all light switches to remind yourself and your children at home.
  • Set your washing machine at 30oC whenever possible.
  • Switch the AC off during the cooler months.
  • On hot days, run major appliances in the morning and evening, when A/Cs aren’t working as hard as during the day.
  Replace regular light bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs.
Tips for reducing your carbon footprint
For Individuals

Here's a list of simple things you can do immediately
  • Turn it off when not in use (lights, television, DVD player, Hi Fi, computer etc. etc. ...)
  • Turn down the central heating slightly (try just 1 to 2 degrees C)
  • Turn down the water heating setting (just 2 degrees will make a significant saving)
  • Check the central heating timer setting - remember there is no point heating the house after you have left for work
  • Fill your dish washer and washing machine with a full load - this will save you water, electricity, and washing powder
  • Fill the kettle with only as much water as you need
  • Do your weekly shopping in a single trip
  • Hang out the washing to dry rather than tumble drying it
  • Sign up to a green energy supplier, who will supply electricity from renewable sources (e.g. wind and hydroelectric power) - this will reduce your carbon footprint contribution from electricity to zero
The following is a list of items that may take an initial investment, but should pay for themselves over the course of 1-4 years through savings on your energy bills.
  • Fit energy saving light bulbs
  • Install thermostatic valves on your radiators
  • Insulate your hot water tank, your loft and your walls
  • Installing cavity wall installation
  • By installing 180mm thick loft insulation
  • Recycle your grey water
  • Replace your old fridge / freezer (if it is over 15 years old), with a new one with energy efficiency rating of "A"
  • Replace your old boiler with a new energy efficient condensing boiler
Travel less and travel more carbon footprint friendly.
  • Car share to work, or for the kids school run
  • Use the bus or a train rather than your car
  • For short journeys either walk or cycle
  • Try to reduce the number of flights you take
  • See if your employer will allow you to work from home one day a week
  • Next time you replace your car - check out diesel engines..
  • When staying in a hotel - turn the lights and air-conditioning off when you leave your hotel room, and ask for your room towels to be washed every other day, rather than every day
As well as your primary carbon footprint, there is also a secondary footprint that you cause through your buying habits.
  • Don't buy bottled water if your tap water is safe to drink
  • Buy local fruit and vegetables, or even try growing your own
  • Buy foods that are in season locally
  • Don't buy fresh fruit and vegetables which are out of season, they may have been flown in
  • Reduce your consumption of meat
  • Try to only buy products made close to home (look out and avoid items that are made in the distant lands)
  • Buy organic produce
  • Don't buy over packaged products
  • Recycle as much as possible
  • Think carefully about the type of activities you do in your spare time. Do any of these cause an increase in carbon emissions? e.g. Saunas, Health clubs, restaurants and pubs, go-karting etc. etc...
Tips for water management and conservation
Indoor tips for water management and conservation

The Bathroom
  • Turn off faucets tightly after each use
  • Turn off the water while brushing your teeth
    (You could save up to 95 liters per month)
  • Turn off the water while shaving
    (You could save up to 1100 liters per month)
  • Take shorter showers
    (Long showers can waste 500 liters per month)
  • Avoiding flushing the toilet unnecessarily
    (Dispose of tissues, insects and other similar waste in the trash rather than the toilet)
  • Check regularly for any leaks in your toilets and faucets
    (You could save up to 750 liters per day)
  • Place a filled plastic bottle inside the tank to reduce the water needed for each flush
    (Water saved is up to 3,750 liters a month)
  • Install a low-flow showerhead
    (Water saved is about 8 liters per minute)
  • Install a low-flow faucet aerator
    (Water saved is about 4 liters per minute)
  • Replace older toilets with water efficient dual flush models
    (Water saved is about 6 liters per flush)

The Washing Machine
  • Run the washing machine only on full loads
    (Washing small loads uses over twice as much water per Kg of laundry)

The Kitchen
  • Wash only full loads in the dishwasher
    (An efficient dishwasher usually uses much less water than washing dishes by hand)
  • Do not let the faucet run while cleaning vegetables or while washing dishes by hand
    (Fill the sink with water to wash vegetables rather than leaving the water run)

Outdoor tips for water management and conservation

  • Use a broom to sweep off sidewalks and driveways rather than hosing them off with water to reduce water use
  • Water lawns and plants in the early morning or late evening to reduce evaporation
  • Avoid watering on windy days
  • Use drip irrigation for shrubs, gardens and trees to apply water directly to the roots to reduce watering
  • Plant drought resistant trees and plants
  • Purchase or build your own rain barrel to capture rain from the roof to water plants
  • Use a nozzle trigger on the hose to automatically turn the water off when not in use

This site was published by Bankmed in collaboration with Ms. Cathy Tyan
from World Environment Magazine in an attempt to educate
the community about preserving the environment.